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New discoveries in CRISPR Genome Editing

The phenomenal growth of CRISPR genome-editing is slowly becoming the new face of molecular biology and gene therapy.

This simple RNA-guided genome-editing technology has become a revolutionary tool in biology and has many innovative applications in different fields.

A simple tool that scientists can use to edit DNA is speeding the pace of advancements that could lead to treating and preventing diseases. The CRISPR was first shown to be able to snip DNA in 2011. It consists of a protein and a cousin of DNA, called RNA. Scientists can use it to cut DNA strands at very precise locations, enabling them to remove mutated parts of genes from a strand of genetic material.

Although not tested on humans yet, dozens of scientific papers from researchers around the world have detailed the results of studies that used CRISPR to snip out and replace unwanted DNA to develop treatments for cancer, HIV, blindness, chronic pain, muscular dystrophy and Huntington's disease, to name a few.

With so many different biological and chemical systems in millions of species, we must always be ready for unpredictable surprises. The successful implementation of this technology in animals will open new doors for therapeutic advancement.

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